(25) Common cold acupoint (EX-PH 25) :
Location: Near the radial border of palm and 1 cun proximal
to the base of first phalanx (Fig. 2-9).
Indications: Common cold, tosillitis, and toothache.
(26) Anti-tussive acupoint (EX-PH 26) :
Location: On the radial border of palm and 5 fen proximal
to the depression behind the base of first metacarpal bone (Fig. 2-9).
Indications: Cough, shortness of breath, and rheumatic heart
Fig. 2-9 Extra acupoints on palmar side of hand
1-Neizhongkui (EX-PH 34) 2-eight palmar (EX-PH 33) 3-three Jianli (EX-PH 31) 4-anti-asthmatic (EX-PH 32) 5-tonsil (EX-PH 30) 6-anti-tussive (EX-PH 26) 7-common cold (EX-PH 25) 8-Yinchi
(EX-PH 29) 9-Neiyangchi (EX-PH 28) 10-Banmen (EX-PH 27) acupoint
(27) Banmen acupoint (EX-PH 27) :
Location: It is 5 fen distal to the midpoint of wrist palmar
crease (Fig. 2-9).
Indications: Diseases of small intestine, triple energizer,
(28) Neiyangchi acupoint (EX-PH 28):
Location: It is I cun distal to the midpoint of wrist palmar
crease (Fig. 2-9).
Indications: Stomatitis and tinea unguium.
(29) Yinchi acupoint (EX-PH 29) :
Location: On the radial side of Neiyangchi acupoint (EX-PH
28) and 1 cun from it (Fig. 2-9).
Indications: Hemoptysis and laryngitis.
(30) Tonsil acupoint (EX-PH 30) :
Location: On the thenar prominence on the ulnar border of
first metacarpal bone and at the midpoint of this bone (Fig. 2-9).
Indications: Tonsillitis and laryngitis.
(31) Three Jianli acupoints (EX-PH 31) :
Location: They are in the central area of palm; one acupoint
is 1 curt proximal to the midpoint of the interosseous space between 3rd and 4th metacarpal bones, and the other two acupoints
are 5 fen on either side of the first acupoint (Fig. 2-9).
Indications: Diseases of liver and spleen, headache, eye
diseases, bronchitis, bronchial asthma, heart palpitations, heart failure, and nephritis.
(32) Anti-asthmatic acupoint (EX-PH 32):
Location: Between the capitula of 4th and 5th metacarpal
bones (Fig. 2-9).
Indications: Chronic senile bronchitis and asthma.
(33) Eight palmar acupoints (EX-PH 33) :
Location: On each hand there are 3 acupoints 2 fen proximal
to the midpoint of the web border between index and middle fingers, middle and ring fingers, and ring and little fingers respectively,
and one other acupoint is 2 fen proximal to the ulnar end of palmar crease of 5th carpometacarpal joint (Fig. 2-9).
Indications: Redness and swelling of palm, paralysis of
fingers, distension and pain of eyeball, and bed-wetting.
(34) Neizhongkui acupoints (EX-PH 34):
Location: One of the 3 acupoints is at the midpoint of the
palmar proximal interphalangeal crease of middle finger, and the other 2 acupoints are 1 fen, distal and proximal respectively,
to the first acupoint (Fig. 2-9).
3) Holographic points and reflecting areas:
(1) Holographic points :
According to the biological holographic theory, a group
of holographic points correspondent to the human body is present in each independent part of the body. For example, a group
of biological holographic points is present in each phalanx and metacarpal bone of the hand. Each group of holographic points
is divided by Professor Zhang Yingqing into 12 points correspendent to the head, neck, arm, lung and heart, liver, stomach,
duodenum, kidney, waist, and leg and foot, arranged from distal end to proximal end (Fig. 2-10). The distal end in a body
part is the head point, and the proximal end is the foot
Fig. 2-10 Arrangement of biological holographic points
1-head 2-neck 3-arm 4-lung and heart 5-liver 6-stomach 7-duodenum 8-kidney 9-waist 10-lower abdomen 11-leg 12-foot
13-midpoint 14-two divisions 15-three divisions
point; the midpoint between them is the stomach point; the midpoint between the head point and the stomach point is
the point lung and heart point; the distance between the head point and the lung and heart point is divided into three equal
portions. The distal dividing point is for the neck, and the proximal dividing point is for the arm point; the midpoint between
the lung and heart point and stomach point is the liver point; the midpoint between the stomach point and the foot point is
the waist point; the distance between the stomach point and the waist point is divided into three equal portions. The distal
dividing point is for the duodenum and the proximal dividing point is for the kidney. And the distance between the waist point
and the foot point is also divided into three equal portions; the distal dividing point is for the lower abdomen and the proximal
dividing point is for the leg.
It should be emphasized that the holographic points mentioned
above are only roughly located, and the points may be very close to each other, if the body part is very short. There-fore,
the tender spot near the location of the holographic point for certain organs is the exact location for the application of
treatment, although it is not at the exact site as shown in Fig. 2-10. A miniature of the whole body is set into a part with
the head at the distal end and the foot at the proximal end. The important structures of the body may be arranged in sequence
in the miniature.
(2) Holographic reflecting areas:
The holographic reflecting areas correspondent to the related
organs arrayed over the palm are discovered through continuous clinical practice and the accumulation of clinical experience.
Stimulation at those reflecting areas can adjust the function of their related organs to maintain health and treat diseases.
The reflecting areas are named after their related organs, or by the specific diseases curable by stimulating them. The common
holographic reflecting areas are shown in Fig. 2-11.
As with the application of holographic points, the location
of holographic reflecting areas can be remembered by following the principle of their arrangement, and the reflecting areas
should be flexibly selected for use. Regular and even stimulation applied at the more sensitive spots will produce the best
Fig. 2-11 Holographic reflecting areas on palmar side of hand
1-urogenital organs 2-adjustment of liver and gallbladder 3-ear 4-adjustment of lower abdomen 5-eye 6-shoulder 7-lung
8-mouth 9-esophagus 10-diabetes mellitus zone 11-cancer zone 12-brain 13-lymphatic immunity zone (lower body to upper body)
14-breast 15-liver and gallbladder 16-pancreas ]7-head and neck 18-spleen 19-stomach 20-spinal column (neck to sacrum) 21-waist
and kidney 22-intestine 23-heart and chest 24-reproduction 25-reproductive gland
of acupoints and reflecting areas on dorsal side of the hand
There are 14 regular acupoints, 43 extra acupoints, and
24 holographic points and reflecting areas on the dorsal side of the hand as follows:
1) Regular acupoints:
(1) Shangyang (LI 1 ) :
Location: It is 0.1 cun beside the radial comer of nail
of the index finger (Fig. 2-12).
Indications: Deafness, toothache, swelling of cheek, sore
throat, stroke with coma, optic nerve atrophy, febrile diseases without sweating, and high fever with delirium.
Fig. 2-12 Regular acupoints on dorsal side of hand
1-Shangyang (LI 1) 2-Guanchong (TE 1) 3-Shaoze (SI 1) 4-Erjian (LI 2) 5-Yemen (TE 2) 6-Qian'gu (SI 2) 7-Sanjian (LI 3) 8-Hegu (LI 4) 9-Zhong-zhu (TE 3) 10-Houxi (SI 3) ll-Yangxi (LI 5) 12-Yangchi (TE4) 13-Wan'gu (SI 4) 14-Yanggu (SI 5)
(2) Sanjian (LI 3):
Location: In a depression proximal to the capitulum of 2nd
metacarpal bone and on its radial side when the hand is clenched in a fist (Fig. 2-12).
Indications: Toothache on lower jaw, sore throat, redness
and swelling of dorsum of hand, gum swelling and pain, eye pain, nasal bleeding, fever, fullness in chest, increase of intesfinal
gurgling, constipation or diarrhea.
(3) Erjian (LI 2):
Location: In a depression distal to the capitulum of meta-carpal
bone of index finger and on its radial side when the hand is clenched in a fist (Fig. 2-12).
Indications: Blurred vision, nasal bleeding, toothache,
swelling of cheek, deviation of mouth and eye, sore throat, febrile diseases, food stagnation, and constipation.
(4) Hegu (LI 4):
Location: Between the 1st and 2nd metacarpal bones and beside
the midpoint of radial border of the 2nd bone, or at the top of prominence of muscle lump between 1st and 2nd metacarpal bones.
The palmar crease of the interphalangeal joint of the thumb of one hand is put on the web border between thumb and index finger
of the other hand and the tip of the first thumb reaches this acupoint as the interphalangeal joint is flexed (Fig.
Indications: Febrile diseases, headache, toothache, lock-jaw,
deviation of mouth, nasal bleeding, deafness, sore throat, amenorrhea, prolonged labor, abdominal pain, spasm, arm pain, convulsion
in children, hypertension, paralysis of arm, Bi-syndrome, psychosis, and epilepsy.
(5) Yangxi (LI 5) :
Location : On the radial end of dorsal crease of wrist and
in a depression between short and long extensor muscles of thumb (Fig. 2-12).
Indications: Headache, red eye, deafness, toothache, and
pain and swelling of wrist joint.
(6) Shaoze (SI 1):
Location: It is 0.1 cun beside the ulnar comer of the nail
of little finger (Fig. 2-12).
Indications: Milky eye, sore throat, stroke with coma, febrile
diseases, oligogalactia after childbirth, red and swollen tongue, and headache.
(7) Qian'gu (SI 2):
Location: It is at the ulnar end of the crease of 5th meta-carpophalangeal
joint when the hand is clenched in a fist and on the dorsopalmar boundary (Fig. 2-12).
Indications: Febrile diseases, headache, eye pain, sore
throat, numbness of fingers, deafness, red and swollen tongue, pain and swelling of cheek, chest distress, and failure to
lactate after childbirth.
(8) Houxi ( SI 3) :
Location: In a depression proximal to the 5th metacarpo-phalangeal
joint when the hand is clenched in a fist and on the dorsopalmar boundary (Fig. 2-12).
Indications : Headache, stiff neck, pain of back and waist,
psychosis, malaria, deafness, milky eye, nasal bleeding, toothache on upper jaw, spasms and pain in
elbow and arm, and spasms in fingers.
(9) Wan'gu (SI 4):
Location: On the dorsal side of hand and in a depression
formed by base of 5th metacarpal, pisiform and hamate bones (Fig. 2-12).
Indications: Febrile diseases, jaundice, spasms in fingers,
wrist pain, headache, tinnitus, and pain in shoulder, arm and nape.
(10) Yanggu (SI 5):
Location: On the ulnar side of wrist joint and in a depression
distal to the capitulum of ulna bone (Fig. 2-12).
Indications: Swelling of neck and chin, tinnitus, deaf-ness,
psychosis, convulsions, febrile diseases, pain of lateral side of arm, stiff tongue, lockjaw, and eye pain.
(11) Guanchong (TE 1) :
Location: It is 0.1 cun beside the ulnar comer of nail of
ring finger (Fig. 2-12).
Indications: Headache, red eye, sore throat, febrile diseases,
irritability, and stiffness and pain of tongue.
(12) Zhongzhu (TE 3) :
Location: In a depression proximal to and between the capitula
of 4th and 5th metacarpal bones when the hand is
clenched in a fist (Fig. 2-12).
Indications: Tinnitus, deafness, migraine, stiff neck, red eye, sore throat,
febrile diseases, pain in fingers with difficult extension, malaria, and redness, swelling and pain in hand and arm.
(13) Yemen (TE 2) :
Location: In a depression distal to and between the carpophalangeal
joints of ring and little fingers when the hand is clenched in a fist (Fig. 2-12).
Indications: Migraine, red eye, deafness, sore throat, malaria,
and pain in hand and arm.
(14) Vangchi (TE 4) :
Location: On the dorsal crease of wrist and in a depression
on the ulnar border of common extensor muscle of fingers (Fig. 2-12).
Indications: Wrist, shoulder, and back pain, malaria, lumbago,
diabetes mellitus, redness and swelling of ear auricle, deafness, and tinnitus.
Fig. 2-13 Zhongkui and Baxie acupoints
2) Extra acupoints:
(1) Zhongkui acupoint (EX-DH 1 ) :
Location: At the midpoint of dorsal crease of proximal interphalangeal
joint of middle finger (Fig. 2-13).
Indications: Dysphagia and vomiting (moxibustion allowed).
(2) Baxie acupoints (EX-DH 2) :
Location: They are on the dorsopalmar boundary of hand between
each pair of neighboring fingers, on both hands, 8 in all (Fig. 2-13).
Indications: Fever with irritability, eye pain, swelling
and pain in dorsum of hand, and poisonous snake bite.
(3) Waist and leg pain acupoints (EX-DH 3) :
Location: They are 1.5 cun distal to the dorsal crease of
wrist, one on the radial side of tendon of extensor muscle of index finger and another one on the ulnar side of tendon of
extensor muscle of ring finger, 2 points on each hand; the first is called Weiling, and the second is called Jingling in Tuina (traditional massage) for children (Fig. 2-14a).
Indications: Sprain, rheumatism and strain with acute or
chronic pain in waist and leg (better for acute attack in waist), sudden death of children due to convulsions, coma, asthma
with phlegm and whistling, vomiting without vomitus, indigestive malnutrition, and pterygium.
(4) Arthralgia acupoint (EX-DH 4a, 4b, 4c and 4d) :
Location: This is a group of acupoints arrayed near the
dorsopalmar boundary of the hand. The elbow pain acupoint is at the midpoint of palmar crease of metacarpophalangeal joint
of thumb (EX-DH 4d, Fig. 2-14b) ; the knee pain acupoint (EX-DH 4a) is at the midpoint of dorsal crease of metacarpophalangeal
joint of thumb; the ankle pain acupoint (EX-DH 4b) is on the radial side of metacarpophalangeal joint of thumb and on the
dorsopalmar boundary of the hand; and the shoulder pain acupoint (EX-DH 4c) is on the radial side of metacarpophalangeal joint
of index finger and on the dorsopalmar boundary of the hand (Fig. 2-14a).
Fig. 2-14a Extra acupoints on dorsal side of hand